FaceApp facial transformations
Released: January 2017
FaceApp is a mobile-based that enables users to transform their facial photographs, enabling them to appear younger or older, add a smile, facial hair or glasses, change eye colour, hairstyle or gender, or become 'hot'.
The app quickly became popular, with over a million people downloading it in the two weeks after its launch. In March 2023, it had over 500 million downloads, according to its website.
However, concerns have also been raised about FaceApp's privacy practices and perceived bias towards racial and ethnic minorities, and to LGBTQ and transgender people.
The reports prompted US senator Chuck Schumer to urge the FBI and Federal Trade Commission to investigate FaceApp, saying it could pose 'national security and privacy risks for millions of US citizens'. In response, the FBI said 'it considers any mobile application or similar product developed in Russia, such as FaceApp, to be a potential counterintelligence threat'.
FaceApp CEO Yaroslav Goncharov responded by saying that only the picture chosen by the user is uploaded and stored on cloud computing services provided by Amazon and Google, and that the app did not harvest a user’s mobile photo library.
Soon after its launch, FaceApp received considerable criticism for its 'hot' filter, which was supposed to make users more physically attractive, but which whitened skin tones, resulting in accusations that the app was 'racist'.
Goncharov apologised for the feature, saying it was due to a flaw in the underlying neural network, which was skewed towards European/Caucasian faces.
A few months later, FaceApp introduced a series of 'ethnicity filters', allowing users to become 'black,' 'Asian', 'Caucasian,' or 'Indian.' It quickly withdrew the feature after accusations of racism and stereotyping.
Operator: FaceApp Technology
Developer: Yaroslav Goncharov
Country: Russia; Cyprus
Purpose: Transform faces
Technology: Deep learning; Neural network; Machine learning
Issue: Privacy; Bias/discrimination - race, ethnicity, LGBTQ, transgender
Transparency: Governance; Marketing; Privacy
News, commentary, analysis
Published: March 2023