Shanghai AI prosecutor
China has developed an AI prosecutor which is able to charge people with eight common crimes, including fraud, theft, dangerous driving, obstructing official duties and 'provoking trouble', with over 97% accuracy, according to the South China Morning Post.
Built and tested by the Shanghai Pudong People’s Procuratorate, the system has been trained on over 17,000 cases and can charge a suspect based on 1,000 'traits' gathered from a human-documented description of a case.
Lauded by some for its accuracy, others are concerned about its potential for errors, and question how appeals can be made against its black box system. Others believe the program will be used to stifle freedom of expression, assembly and other forms of dissent.
Developer: Shanghai Pudong People’s Procuratorate; Chinese Academy of Sciences
Sector: Govt - justice
Purpose: Determine criminal guilt
Technology: NLP/text analysis; Voice to text
Issue: Accuracy/reliability; Bias/discrimination - multiple; Freedom of expression; Dual/multi-use
Opacity: Black box; Complaints/appeals