'ChatGPT' powers 'Fox8' crypto promotion botnet 

Occurred: July 2023

Researchers Kai-Cheng Yang and Filippo Menczer at the Indiana University Observatory on Social Media  discovered a Twitter botnet that appears to use ChatGPT to generate text promoting crypto/blockchain/NFT content.

The so-called 'fox8' botnet comprises three news sites, one named 'Fox8', and a cluster of 1,140 Twitter accounts, and was discovered by searching Twitter for the phrase 'as an ai language model’ - a common phrase generated by ChatGPT when it receives a prompt that violates its usage policies - between October 2022 and April 2023. 

The researchers warn that 'emerging research indicates that LLMs can facilitate the development of autonomous agents capable of independently processing exposed information, making autonomous decisions, and utilizing tools such as APIs and search engines.'

Ironically, Fox8 publishes articles on generative AI, including one on how AI content farms use ChatGPT to generate fake stories. 

System 🤖

Operator: Fox8
Developer: OpenAI
Country: USA
Sector: Banking/financial services
Purpose: Promote crypto/blockchain/NFT content
Technology: Bot/intelligent agent
Issue: Mis/disinformation; Security
Transparency: Governance; Marketing

Research, advocacy 🧮

Page info
Type: Incident
Published: August 2023
Last updated: November 2023