Singapore PM Lee Hsien Loong crypto promotion deepfake

Occurred: July-December 2023

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A 'completely bogus' deepfake video of Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong promoting an investment product raised concerns about the use of AI to disrupt politics and create disinformation.

In the altered video, Mr Lee is allegedly interviewed by a presenter from Chinese news network CGTN about a 'revolutionary investment platform designed by Elon Musk' that was purportedly approved by the Singapore government. 

The video ends with the presenter urging viewers to click on a link to register for the platform, to earn 'passive income'. The deepfake video appears to have been manipulated from a real CGTN interview with Mr Lee in March 2023.

'(Scammers) transform real footage of us taken from official events into very convincing but completely bogus videos of us purporting to say things that we have never said,' PM Lee responded on Facebook.


Country: Singapore
Sector: Banking/finanacial services; Politics
Purpose: Defraud
Technology: Deepfake - audio, video; Generative adversarial network (GAN); Neural network; Deep learning; Machine learning  
Issue: Mis/disinformation; Fraud
Transparency: Governance; Marketing