Occurred: January 2022
Washington Post analysis appears to show that Ethiopia's government used a Turkish-made Bayraktar TB2 drone in January 2022 to attack civilians sheltering in a school during its 16-month conflict with the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF).
Reports say at least 59 civilians died and 30 were wounded, including children, during the strike.
According to the Post's report, remnants of weapons recovered from the school by aid workers showed 'internal components and screw configurations matched images of Turkish-made MAM-L munitions'. MAM-L weaponry pair exclusively with Bayraktar TB2 drones.
Run by Turkey president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s son-in-law Selçuk Bayraktar, Baykar has supplied Ukraine, Poland, Qatar, Libya, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Ethiopia and Azerbaijan with armed autonomous drones.
Bayraktar TB2 drones have been used to deadly effect by Ukraine's air force during Russia's invasion of the eastern European country.
Operator: Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF)
Developer: Baykar Defence
Sector: Govt - defence
Technology: Drone; Object recognition
Issue: Lethal autonomous weapons; Ethics